Unsere Vorschläge zur Verbesserung des Schulsystems

September 19th, 2012 by lena3giesswein3s

by Lena GIESSWEIN, BORG Krems/Austria

 

Am heutigen Schulsystem in Österreich gibt es noch vieles zu verbessern. Obwohl uns Politiker immer wieder versprechen, an der Bildung zu arbeiten und auch schon der Vorschlag gekommen ist, das Sitzenbleiben abzuschaffen,  gehen die meisten Änderungen die bis jetzt durchgesetzt wurden leider mehr in Richtung Verallgemeinerung anstatt von individueller Förderung von Talenten. Wir haben uns einige Ansätze für Verbesserungen, die wir uns wünschen, überlegt.

Schüler unterschiedlicher Leistungsniveaus werden gemeinsam unterrichtet, so können sich weder besonders talentierte Schüler entfalten, noch können ihre weniger begabten Kollegen ihren Rückstand aufholen. Uns ist schon klar, dass nicht jeder Schüler einzeln unterrichtet werden kann, gäbe es jedoch die Möglichkeit, sich zumindest in der Oberstufe, wenn man schon einen großen Schatz an Allgemeinwissen hat, Schwerpunkte in bestimmten Fächern zu setzen, die einen interessieren oder die mit dem späteren Berufswunsch zu tun haben, wäre das schon eine große Erleichterung für die Schüler. Es gäbe so sicher weniger Jugendliche, die vor einer längeren Ausbildung zurückschrecken, weil sie von Fächern, in denen sie nicht gut sind, blockiert werden. Würde man weniger an den Schwächen arbeiten, sondern die Stärken besonders fördern, gäbe es in Zukunft mehr Spezialisten, die in ihrem Fachgebiet sehr gut ausgebildet sind.

Allgemeinbildung ist zwar eine wichtige Grundlage, trotzdem sollte man, ab einem bestimmten Wissensstand, für sich selbst entscheiden in welche Richtung man sich spezialisieren und weiterbilden will.

Heute hat man diese Wahl, wenn man eine höhere Ausbildung für den Traumberuf braucht,  erst nach der Matura. Für die ist jedoch schon ein sehr hoher Wissensstand in den Hauptfächern nötig, wobei in manchen Berufen große Bereiche dieses Wissens gar nicht relevant sind. Hat man in diesem Bereich große Schwächen, hindert einen das daran, sich in seinem Fachgebiet zu entfalten. So entgeht vielen Jugendlichen die Chance auf einen Beruf, der sie wirklich interessiert und in dem sie talentiert wären, und dem Land entgeht ein Spezialist. Es gibt bestimmt viele dieser Fälle, denn jeder hat irgendwo seine Schwächen, an denen er, wenn er auch noch so viel an ihnen arbeitet, keine großartigen Änderungen bewirken kann. Jemand, der ein Talent für Sprachen hat aber ein schlechtes mathematisches Vorstellungsvermögen, oder andersherum, muss seine Energie in unserem heutigen System dafür aufwenden seine Schwächen auszugleichen, anstatt sich mit seinen Talenten zu beschäftigen. Mit einem Kurs- oder Modulsystem wie z.B. in Australien oder den USA können in der Bildung bestimmt bessere Erfolge erzielt werden als mit unserem heutigen.

Ein weiterer wichtiger Punkt ist der Umgang der Lehrer mit ihren Schülern. Die Einbindung der Schüler durch Diskussionen und Gespräche, die die Klasse interessieren, ist eine gute Möglichkeit, Wissen spielerisch weiterzugeben und auch eine bessere Beziehung zwischen Klasse und Lehrer herzustellen. Natürlich kann nicht in jeder Unterrichtstunde diskutiert werden, und in einigen Fächern ist eine längere Diskussion über den Stoff gar nicht möglich, es kann aber in jedem Fall auf das Tempo und die Fragen der Schüler eingegangen werden. Engagierte Lehrer wollen nicht nur ihren Lehrplan durchbringen, sondern auch sicher sein, dass der Stoff auch wirklich verstanden wurde.

Geht ein Lehrer verständnisvoll mit seinen Schülern um, haben sie auch Lust, etwas von ihm oder ihr zu lernen oder haben zumindest keine unangenehmen Gefühle oder sogar Angst vor dem Unterricht. Eine angenehme Atmosphäre in der Schule ist eine Grundvoraussetzung für effektives Lernen.

Es gibt noch zahlreiche andere Verbesserungsmöglichkeiten, die uns eingefallen sind. Diese beiden Punkte sind uns aber am meisten am Herzen gelegen und wir sind davon überzeugt, dass Änderungen in diesen Bereichen den Schülern eine bessere Bildung und mehr Möglichkeiten im Berufsleben verschaffen würden.

 

Diversity in style

May 23rd, 2012 by lena3giesswein3s

By Lena GIESSWEIN (1995), BORG-Krems/Austria

We all need friends around us who have the same interests, hobbies and wear similar style clothes to the ones we have. This is why we can divide young people’s styles into several groups.

In Austria, there are some bigger groups that have developed in the last few years that have nearly uniform styles, listen to the same music and go to places and events that are typical for their group.

There are, on the one hand, the so called posh ones who carry style to excess.

You can be sure to find them at tanning booths where they get their orange skin colour which is significant for this group, or in shopping centres, always looking for stuff with a lot of neon colours, gold and glitter, tight trousers or short skirts and of course high heels or expensive label trainers. Another place where you might spot them is the hairdresser´s, getting their hair bleached or dyed black with extensions or fancy cut-outs for the boys (as long as it looks as unnatural as possible).

In the evenings, they parade in their glamorous outfits at clubs where they meet a lot of like-minded people. They even have their own ways of dancing.  The girls aren´t able to move a lot due to their stylish shoes, therefore the boys show how good they are at shuffling, which reminds a bit of the Charleston dance. If somebody´s in their way, they would react quite aggressively most of the time and they like shouting around in clubs. It´s mostly funny to watch them and even one of the Austrian  TV-channels  found out about this trend and created the program „Saturday Night  Fever“.

On the other hand, there are lots of teenagers who wear darker clothes and are more introverted. There are the gothic ones who hear heavy metal music, play fantasy games and meet their friends at concerts, pubs where they play the right music and at the cinema. Their style consists of dark clothes with a lot of leather with rivets and spikes on it, a long black coat, heavy metal jewellery and black leather boots. They wear their hair black, long and sleek. Of course they wear a lot of black make-up around their eyes and black nail polish (even some of the boys) to show their sadness.

Then there are the Emotonals and the Manga-Fans who are a bit more into fashion and cute japanese stuff. They wear short ballet-skirts or trousers in candy colours mixed with black, shirts with japanese prints or hello kitty stuff with a lot of glitter or garments of skater brands. They pay a lot of attention to their hair and make-up. They try lots of flashy colours like green, blue and pink and use a lot of hairspray to keep their extraordinary hairstyles in shape. Their make up is also very peculiar, with bright colours, a lot of eyeliner and long lashes. They hear japanese pop music, watch anime films draw and read mangas.

The so-called Hipsters want to show that they give a lot of attention to their style, even if it´s not as eye-catching as the other styles that I have introduced. They set value on clean and chic clothes, label glasses, french manicure or nails with the latest trend coulors. Essential items of their wardrobe are blouses, tanktops and plaid shirts, label jeans or chinos, straw hats, label bags, boat shoes for the boys and ballerinas for the girls. Those people hear alternative pop and rock music of bands that are not yet famous, they watch independent produced films and always want to be one step ahead of the crowd to proof that they are special and unique in their style and proof good taste. They visit concerts, go shopping and meet at festivals and in bars.

Of course not everybody wants to be part of one style group. Most of the people I know and go out with wear the clothes they like and don´t follow any particular style. They listen to the music which is in the charts or songs that friends show them.

Different styles don´t always mean that people can´t be friends.

Their interests may not be the same but this brings a great variety to a friendship and so they have different themes to talk about and different ways to spend their leisure time if they try the hobby of a friend or find new common hobbies.

BORG-Krems / School-team

Youth culture in the past

May 20th, 2012 by lena3giesswein3s

by Lena GIESSWEIN (1995), BORG Krems/Austria


What did youth culture look like in former times? I asked myself this question and decided to interview my grandparents about their youth. The questions I asked them were about their home, school, work and their leisure time activities.

Both of them had four siblings and lived in a small flat with their big families. “We didn´t even have enough beds for all the kids, so we had to share“, my grandmother told me. She had to take care of her two younger sisters and she often helped her dad in the garden, collecting berries and harvesting vegetables. My grandfather also had to help his mother a lot, because his dad had died in the war. He collected sticks and wood to heat their flat. Furthermore, he did a lot of garden work which is still his favourite hobby now. They only got little pocket money.

Like most of their friends, they started to work at the age of fifteen. There were higher schools but they had to do an apprenticeship to earn money in order to support their parents. Most of the girls becamesecretaries, shop assistants or tailors. The boys became workmen. Since they didn´t have enough money for expensive activities like going to the cinema, they often met in the nature and played things like badminton or football.
The girls loved needlework, they often made little competitions about whot knit faster and made their own clothes. The boys met at the football ground and watched the matches there. They also rode around on their mopeds a lot of the time when they were older than sixteen.
Some of their friends were also part of youth clubs and political youth clubs, that´s where my grandparents met.
Once a week my grandfather invited my grandma to eat something in a tavern and afterwards it was time to gor dancing. Most of the boys were allowed to gor outat night when they were fifteen, the girls at seventeen. The police controlled very strictly in these days and when they stayed out longer than midnight, they had to pay a fine.
My grandparents got married between 18 and twenty, like most of their friends, and the first child came about one year after that. So their youth was quite short and they had to undertake responsibility for themselves and their children very early.

When I compare my youth now to the youth of my grandma, some things have dramatically changed.
Nowadays, girls are allowed to do the same things as boys, like going out, riding mopeds and they don´t have to do much in the household besides washing up and cleaning their rooms. Most of the teenagers now have more money to spend, are free to stay out longer and are able to choose the career they really want. We can enjoy our youth longer than young people in former times because it´s not necessary to get married that early to make place in the flat of the parents anymore.

Both of these youth cultures have their pros and cons but I definitely prefer the time now because we have a lot more opportunities to spend our freetime and a much better chance of education than our grandparents.

BORG Krems / Austria, schoolteam