December 1st, 2012 by Tomczyk Marta

By Marta Tomczyk, LOK Kraków/Poland.


This year I had a great possibilty to visit Austria. Thanks for taking part in COMENIUS project and hosting Lisa from Austria. Now I could go there. I was really excited but I was also full of anxieties- how will it be in the plane, in this school and in this Austrian family…


23rd of September- Sunday

We flew to Austria!!!  I was really scared before the flight, especially before the taking off. We met at the airport, we had a plane at 6.40 p.m  but unfortunately our flight was delayed and finally we took off at 7.30 p.m. We were in Vienna at 8.30 p.m and then we had to go by two trains for two hours.  Finally, we were in Krems at 10.30 p.m. There, our host-families were waiting for us. I was really exhausted but I couldn’t wait till the next day!!! The first day in school!!

24th of September- Monday

That day began for me very early, at 5 o’clock. However, it didn’t disturb me because I wanted to go to school and meet new people. At school, each group- Polish, Austrian, Germany, Lithuania, Turkish and Italian were presenting their school. However, the most interesting point of that day was the city-quiz, it was really, really funny. We had to answer many questions and do exercises, but we had a really nice group- 6 Polish girls and two boys from Turkey. At the end of this day in school we presented our national cousine, we were also dancing typical Austrian dances. Unfortunately, I wasn’t there till  the end of this presentation. It was one of the best days of this trip.




25th of September- Tuesday

Today we also had to wake up so earlyL In school we were presenting our ideas of the COMENIUS project. Later, we took part in working in international groups. My group made films. I am not really interested in film but thanks to these exercises, I understood how it is difficult to make even a short film. Our group was divided in two other group. One of them was making a film in which people were acting. The group consisted of me,Gabriele from Italy and Mareile from Germany was making a film with actors made from a plasticine. On this day we only made plasticines characters and took a few photos. After workshops in school, the Polish group with our partners went to the shopping- center. We obviously were in Mc Donald’s J After one hour in shopping-center each of us went back home.


26th of September- Wednesday

This day was also as nice as Monday. In the morning, at about 9 o’clock we met at the railway station and went to Vienna.


In Vienna we saw a lot of monuments of art for example: St. Stephan’s Cathedral, Hofburg Palace and Schonbrunn Palace. We had to walk really quickly because Vienna is full of relics of the past and we had only one day. Additionally it was really, really hot and despite the fact that it was the end of September, everybody wore only T-shirts.



27th of September- Thursday

Today at school we were finishing our films at workshops. A girl from Austria assembled our film, added music and it was ready. Then we showed it in front of everybody. Apart from us, each group presented their achievements.  I liked the most the group which was acting. They showed the life of Sissi but it was made like a comedy. It was really funny and everybody laughed. In the afternoon we had planned to go on the trip but it was rainy and cold and we had free time. Our partners showed us Krems and their dormitories where they live during the week.


 28th of September- Friday

It was the last day which we could spend together because Saturday was a day free of school. We went on a trip around the region in which Krems is located- Wachau. We drove to Melk- the city next to Krems where there is a famous church. We visited it.










After visiting this church, we went by boat to a city Durnstein. The cruise was wonderful. It was so hot and the Danube is beautiful. In Durnstein we had to get a small mountain where on the top were the ruins of a castle. Everybody was really tired but we all got to this top.

After coming back to Krems, by a boat of course, we had to say goodbye. We all hope that someday we could meet again.  We took a photo with all of us in it.


29th of September- Saturday

This day was free of school so we could spend it with our host-family. I could sleep longer J and after breakfast I, my partner and her sister went by a train to Vienna. Our target was Prater- the famous funfair in Vienna. That day was great!!!  We were on many atractions and it was wonderful!!!

30rd of September- Sunday

It was our coming back to home day. It was such a sad day, we had to say goodbye. But I hope that we will meet again soon. At 8.00 p.m we flew to Kraków.


All this week was great and amazing. I met a lot of new people, I could see how my peers live in Austria. I also had a possibility to meet peers from other countries. Additionally, I  also benefited in developing my language, English. I met a lot of people from the whole Europe, so it was impossible to communicate without using English. For me, it was a great experience because the flight to Vienna was the first flight in my life.


Education in Poland

March 31st, 2012 by Tomczyk Marta

by Anna Machnik (1995), Marlena Nowak (1995), Patrycja Pluta (1995), Marta Tomczyk (1995), Agnieszka Twardosz (1995) LOK Krakow/Poland

An education is compulsory in all Europeans countries. People educate themselves, develop their interestes and skills, explore the world by meeting other cultures. Since kindergarden we try to work out how the world works.

What does it look like in Poland?

Little toddlers start their education in kindergarden. They usually are 3 years old when they first go there. The next 4 years children do lots of simple, but creative things, for example: they sing, dance, watch fairytales, play. They meet new people and make first friends. When they finish kindergarden they know all the letters.

The next step is the primary school, which lasts six years. It consists of two stages. The first one is intecrated teaching, lasting three years. In this period children have only one teacher and they have only one teaching programme ( it is not devided into separate subjects such as history, biology…). They learn how to write and count, they also learn simple words of in foreign languages. After these three years kids start the ,,normal” programme. Now they have all subjects with separate teachers, they have grades, ,,really” marks (from one to six, one is the worst mark). They have the possibilty to develop their skills- they can participate in extra- curricular activities. The kids become more individual.

When we are 13 years old we start secondary school. Some of us have more extended subjects, so we can direct ourselves towards the future goals. Here we start thinking a bit about our future because in the last year of the middle school ( junior high school) we take an important exam, and the better grade we get, the better high school we can go to. The middle school lasts 3 years.

The next stage of obligatory education is the secondary school (high school). We have a different variety of schools: high schools, trade schools, technical schools. After trade schools and technical schools we can instantly take a job. If we don’t want to do this, we can still learn- go to university. The last and the most important exam in our life is A level at the end of the high school. Our future carreer depends on it.

University give us degrees such as: Bachelor’s Degree, Master’s Degree, Doctorate.

Finally, after that we can surely go to a well-paid job, make money and settle down.

Youth culture – then and now

March 28th, 2012 by Tomczyk Marta

By Marta Tomczyk, LOK Kraków/Poland.

A response to this article:

Yout text is really touching, it makes reader think about life. Yet, what you write is true. In many countries teenagers have got that kind of problems. They think that if they drink alcohol, smoke cigarettes or on a diet they will be better and more grown-up.

In Poland there is a group of teenagers who have got the problems described in your essay. In the internet, TV, or unfortunately even in the closest surrounding you can hear about them more often. A lot of young people can not cope with the amount of daily matters and trouble. Alcohol and cigarettes start to be their escape. Young people hope that it will help them to solve problems. They aren’t bad. They are just lost in this contemporary, fast, always in the rush world.

On the other hand, I think that a definite majority of Polish teenagers are reasonable and responsible for  their future. They are able to deal with their problems, they have support from their family and friends. These people look for help in appropriate examples which were shaped in the times of the stormy history of Poland. Our ancestors, who lived in the Times of war, had other priorities than the contemporary youth. They didn’t think about addictives, they found help in their friends.

Unfortunately, these days we have less and less time for friends and family. We are becoming lonlier and lonlier. Our problems seem to be bigger than they really are. We, the youth, don’t know where we can find some help, so we try to call somebody’s attention by leading our body to illnesses such as anorexia or bulimia.

Polish contribution into the world development- Aeroscope

January 15th, 2012 by Tomczyk Marta

by Marta Tomczyk (1995). LOK Krakow/Poland.

What is an AEROSCOPE?

It is a machine which allows us to make films. It is an obsolete thing, but in spite of old age the aeroscope was and is very important in the history of cinematographic, because it is the first manual film camera in the world. The constructor is Kazimierz Prószyński. He was a polish inventor and a leading designer of cinematographic cameras. “Aeroscope” was invented in 1909, but at first it was supposed to be a prototype of a reporter camera. Finally, in 1911, the production of aeroscopes started in London.

How does it work?

Modern cameras have got very complex constitution. Aeroscope was not as complicated as contemporary cameras. maybe it is strange and it seems unbelieveable to you but this camera is powered by compressed air. Thanks to this a cameraman didn’t have to spin the crank to advance the material filming so he could make films with both hands. That made aeroscope much more comfortable than the other cameras of that times.

Aeroscope had a disadvantage- once inflated, worked up to 10 minutes. This was very uncomfortable and forced cameramen to make breaks in making a film to inflate the aeroscope.

But, on the other hand it had advantages too. It was very simple and reliable.

Later, in the 30ies of the 20th century the aeroscope was replaced by electrically driven cameras but still it is the first photo camera in the whole world.

And what about your country? Was there anything invented which helped cinematography develop?